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Natural Resource Development Program

The Amhara region is endowed with huge potential of natural resources: land with diverse agro ecology and water (ground and surface). However, inappropriate utilization of these resources has caused for severe deforestation and land degradation, which in turn has lead to decline in agricultural production productivity in the region. In cognizant of this fact, ORDA, has given  top priority to Natural Resource Development Program, aiming at contributing its part for the  efforts  made  by the regional government to enhance the people's livelihood and ensure the region's environmental security.

In order to realize the program goal and objectives, different strategies have been designed and concerted effort has been exerted to translate it into reality. Accordingly, ORDA has been intervening in the areas of large scale forestation and reforestation development, community and individual woodlots development, integrated watershed development,  adoption and promotion of fuel saving and alternative energy technologies.

Apart from this, the followings major activities were accomplished by Natural Resource Development Program for the period of January to December, 2012:

Nursery sites management and seedling production 



    • Managed and supported 3,466 nursery sites; supports provided including 3,482 kg of tree seeds and 122 quintals of polythene tube;
    • 33.68 million seedlings raised (2.97 million are indigenous);

    • Over 500,000 splits of vetiver grass multiplied; 736,113 vetiver grass planted on 49.3 ha of  land;



    • 6,700 ha plantation sites identified and seedlings and culms, and direct sowing planted;
    • 36.67 million seedlings planted on 6,653.73ha of land; 4.9 million jatropha seed sowed;
    • 30 ha of the rehabilitated closure area handed over to 307 landless youth farmers (67 female).
    • 42 school environmental clubs established and strengthened; 4 Environmental Education Community Groups established;

Biodiversity Program

    • Established 26 PFM groups having 2434 (1064 highland and 1370 lowland areas) households as Natural Resource and Tourism Development and Marketing Cooperative /NRTDMC/; additional 11 PFM groups in Highland woredas are certified and 20 PFM groups (17 in highland woredas) are on process for certification
    • Conducted Participatory Forest Resource Assessment for  36 Forests which cover 9,455 Ha (8,111Ha in the lowland and 1,344 Ha in the highland woredas)
    • Prepared Forest Management plans for 26 Forests (15 in the lowland and 11 in the highland) and ongoing for  20 PFM groups (17 in the highland)
    • Provided trainings to 17 PFM group leaders (10 in the high land) and executive committees on NTPFs (Gum and incense production, Beekeeping, and Bamboo development), Agro forestry, Livestock, Financial and Material management and leadership .
    • 25 PFM groups (10 in the highland) supported by materials and equipment such as: Bee keeping equipments (256 beehives,151 bee colonies and other materials), 37 Oxen for fattening, 17Store and office and 17 bee-shelter construction, 100 Moulds used to produce improved stoves, Gum and incense production materials and 20 Weighting balances.

Watershed Development

    • 654 watersheds (168 are model and 137 are new) on 261,600 ha of land managed;
    • 571 woreda, kebele and community level watershed committee established and strengthened;

Physical soil and water conservation

    • 3883m3 of gabion boxes and 907kg of gabion tying wires provided; hand tools supported for 132 intervention Kebeles;

    • Physical soil and water conservations managed: 3,672.83 km of farm bund terrace on 2,938.26 ha, 7,481.15 km hillside terrace on 5,984.92 ha, 229,291 micro basins on 143.3 ha, 470,645.55 m3 loose stone check dams on 753.03 ha, 21,267 m3 Gabion check dams on 34.02 ha and many more.


Biological conservation

    • 208 ha gully land reclaimed; 3,198.72 km physical structure stabilized with fodders and grass;

Capacity development

    • 6,328 experts, DAs and farmers involved in the trainings and experience sharing managed.
    • Tissue Culture Plant is under construction (90% performance);
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